The society of USA can incur a huge burden, an individuals life can be adversely affected, and loved ones and the community can be negatively impacted through the abuse of illicit substances and alcohol.
The most significant areas of risks through the use of alcohol or drugs lie in the connection between alcohol, drugs and criminal activities.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
The issue of alcohol and drug abuse is currently the main reason behind the huge prison populations in some countries.
A large number of individuals who are behind bars have admitted to having been drunk at the time they were arrested and the problem can also be noted by the influence of alcohol in a large number of violent crimes that occur nowadays.
It was discovered that law violations that involved the use of violence, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, physical attacks, and homicides, involved alcohol in some way when compared to any other illicit substance. Around 3 million violent crimes occur within the country every year, and most victims are left with the perception that the offender could have been consuming alcohol. The statistics related to alcohol abuse by violent offenders generally provide evidence that nearly 50% of all homicides and assaults are committed when both the offender, and the victim were indulging in the consumption of alcohol. Use of alcohol is much more prevalent where there are violent crimes as compared to the use of drugs.
When the offender and offended know one other, alcohol is usually involved when violence breaks out between them. 66% of the victims who were attacked by an intimate friend reportedly confirmed that alcohol consumption was involved and just 31% of all victimisation's by strangers are related to alcohol. Offenders who have been drinking are involved in approximately 500,000 offences between intimates; also, alcohol is involved in 118,000 occurrences of family aggression (excluding spouses), and also the rate of alcohol involvement in incidents among acquaintances is at 744,000.
One lingering question about illicit substances is whether people are more inclined to violate the law after abusing illicit substances or does abusing illicit substances make people violate the law, since the connection between breaking the law and illicit substances is a complicated one.
In many cases criminals abstain from illegal drugs, while at times, illegal drug users commit no other form of crime. Meanwhile, the relationship between crime and chronic drug use is high and direct, and constant use of drugs can trigger other innate criminal tendencies.
Where drugs are concerned, the types of crimes in question are usually:
Most drug crime cases including robbery, shop lifting, and unlawful dealing in questionable goods in the market involve persons hooked on drugs forfeiting arrest to make quick money to buy drugs in order to get high. 17% convicts admitted to commit crimes to get money for drugs, 2004 crime rate conducted survey revealed. Close links between drug use among men, women and children can be seen among people who are involved in or exploited by the sex trade because a number of these people are caught up within the criminal-justice system. These is clear link between the medication utilize as it's both a decisive component in indulging in sexual abuse and a method for adapting to it as well.
The number of people arrested for driving while intoxicated [DWI] exceeds a figure of more than 1 million, and these are the third most commonly reported crimes within the UK. For young adults under age 21, almost 40% of all traffic deaths are due to alcohol intoxication while drinking or being under the effects of drugs while driving is the top cause of death, injury, and disability. Report indicates liquor influenced driving causes 36 fatal deaths and around 700 accidents due to vehicle crashes. Tranquilizes (e.g., maryjane and cocaine) if used in combination with liquor is a chief cause for 18% of motor vehicle accident deaths.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration stated that, in 2007, an estimated one out of every eight drivers on weekend nights test positive for illicit drugs. Furthermore, according to a study that involved senior high school students conducted in 2010, an estimated one-eighth of the respondents said that 14 days before responding to the survey, they operated a vehicle under the influence of weed.
Pain killers' prescription drugs used to relieve worry and correct lack of sleep have instructions prohibiting users from manning such machinery, which includes, driving heavy motor vehicles during specific doctor's direction duration of using the drug. Fatal driving and other dangerous behavior are usually the consequence of not following doctor's prescription or mishandled medication without medicinal supervision.
Four out of five young people arrested for petty offenses committed such crimes under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the positive drug test results indicated in addition to admission of the offender as having abused drug, drinking alcohol or a combination the two prior to committing the offense and subsequent arrest.
Just 68,600 of young people received medical care for their substance misuse problem from the 1.9 million out 2.4 million who were apprehended by the law for crimes where substance misuse and dependency was involved.
Among spousal victims, records are available to show that nearly 3 out of four incidents, which were documented were committed by an offender who had been drinking.
In a 1999 study, assaults that had happened within the previous twelve months to women by their partners reported significantly higher problems with health and substance abuse. 33 percent of crime against women encountering physical abuse is due to medication and liquor issues, contrasted with 16 percent of the individuals who did not encounter brutality.
Domestic violence can also affect other members of the family. A study which was conducted in the UKrevealed that children who witnessed the abuse of their maternal caregiver were 50% likelier to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
For victims of domestic violence, 55% of the cases involved alcohol while only 9% involved drugs; for spousal violence, alcohol was involved 65% of the time while only 5% for drugs.
No reported child abuse cases are distinctively tied to alcohol abuse, however, numerous aspects are known to influence and lead to child molestation. There's a higher chance a child will be abused when parental stress increases and pressures on the family, drug and alcohol abuse, and social isolation can all contribute. Alcohol consumption is reported by four out ten people who abuse children.
Less that 20% of the 50% of inmates who require medical care for misuse of illicit substances and addiction get the medical care, according to estimates.
The justice department suggest that prevention of future criminal acts by through addiction treatment is significant prior to discharge to avoid unlawfulness. After release from prison, about 95% of former inmates go back to using drugs and alcohol and 60 - 80 % of these abusers commit a new crime, usually drug related.
To break this cycle for those criminals with drug and alcohol problems, treatment is the best option. Medial care has been shown to be effective by research -- this proves that remaining free from alcohol and drugs is possible for individuals, especially since many have managed to do so before. Research has also demonstrated that criminal behavior declines as substance abuse does. Individuals should be able to get the assistance they need in prison or jail.
Money is also saved through treatment. One study showed that for every dollar spent on treatment for substance abuse, '5.60 is saved from fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, and child medical and welfare costs. This indicates that illicit substance avoidance tactics and medical care will reduce government spending, since law breaking behaviour is reduced when substance abuse is reduced as well.